Fully spin-polarized quadratic non-Dirac bands realized quantum anomalous Hall effect†
The quantum anomalous Hall effect is an intriguing quantum state that exhibits chiral edge states in the absence of a magnetic field. While the search for quantum anomalous Hall insulators is still active, researchers mainly search for the systems containing a magnetic atom. Here, based on first-principles density functional theory, we predict a new family of Chern insulators with fully spin-polarized quadratic px,y non-Dirac bands in the alkaline earth metal BaX (X = Si, Ge, and Sn) system. We show that BaX monolayer has a half-metallic ferromagnetic ground state. The ferromagnetism mainly originates from the p orbitals of Si, Ge and Sn atoms. The 2D BaSn monolayer exhibits a large magnetocrystalline anisotropic energy of 12.20 meV per cell and a nontrivial band gap of 159.10 meV. Interestingly, both the chiral edge current direction and the sign of Chern number can be tuned by doping. Furthermore, the 4% compressive strain in the 2D BaX systems can drive a structural phase transition but the nontrivial topological properties remain reserved. Our findings not only extend the novel topological physics but also provide fascinating opportunities for the realization of the quantum anomalous Hall effect experimentally.