Novel two-dimensional tetragonal vanadium carbides and nitrides as promising materials for Li-ion batteries†
Two-dimensional (2D) materials, owing to their unique properties, have shown great potential for energy storage. In this work, we predict two types of new 2D transition metal carbides and nitrides, namely, tetragonal V2C2 and V2N2 (tetr-V2C2 and tetr-V2N2) monolayer sheets. Comprehensive first-principle calculations show that these two 2D systems exhibit dynamic (thermal) stabilities and intrinsic metallic nature. Compared with the commercialized graphite anode material, tetr-V2C2 and tetr-V2N2 monolayer sheets exhibit lower Li diffusion barrier of 89 and 94 meV, higher theoretical capacity of 412 and 425 mA h g−1 and lower average open circuit of 0.468 and 0.583 V, respectively. Combining those advanced features, our proposed tetr-V2C2 and tetr-V2N2 monolayer sheets are both promising candidates as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) in the future.