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Ionic liquid based battery electrolytes using lithium and sodium pseudo-delocalized pyridinium anion salts

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Abstract

The electrolyte salt plays an important role for the overall performance and safety of lithium- and sodium-ion batteries (LIBs and SIBs, respectively). Here, two new lithium and sodium pseudo-delocalized pyridinium anion based salts were used to prepare ionic liquid (IL) based electrolytes. The Li and Na salts of the 1-methylpyridinum 2,6-dicarboxylate anion (MM26py) were synthesized and dissolved in an IL matrix (Pyr14TFSI) – hence creating mixed anion electrolytes. The obtained electrolytes are stable up to 150 and 200 °C and show ion conductivities of 2.8 and 3.2 mS cm−1 at room temperature, for the LIB and SIB electrolytes, respectively. A competitive effect between the MM26py and the TFSI anions to coordinate the alkali metal cations is observed. Finally, the electrochemical stability windows of 2.3 and 2.5 V, respectively, confirm that these electrolytes can be used practically in medium-voltage LIBs and SIBs.

Graphical abstract: Ionic liquid based battery electrolytes using lithium and sodium pseudo-delocalized pyridinium anion salts

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jun 2019, accepted on 07 Aug 2019 and first published on 07 Aug 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9CP03445E
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, Advance Article

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    Ionic liquid based battery electrolytes using lithium and sodium pseudo-delocalized pyridinium anion salts

    E. Hosseini-Bab-Anari, A. M. Navarro-Suárez, K. Moth-Poulsen and P. Johansson, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9CP03445E

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