Spin–lattice correlation in Eu3+ doped antiferromagnet TmFeO3
We report the physical properties of Eu-doped bulk TmFeO3 through X-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility (χ), Raman scattering and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) study, which shows a similar orthorhombic structure with the Pbnm space group as TmFeO3. Magnetic measurement on Eu-doped TmFeO3 provides evidence for spin reorientations of Fe3+. Further, the Raman spectra of Eu3+ doped TmFeO3 show significant changes in Raman modes as a function of temperature, which are evidence for strong spin–lattice interaction. From the XAS spectra, the L-edge of Fe provides information on the valence state of Fe, whereas the K-edge of oxygen shows that the compound has a strong influence on the hybridization of the O(2p) state with the 3d states of Fe.