A novel model for pyro-electro-catalytic hydrogen production in pure water†
The pyro-electro-catalytic induced generation of hydrogen gas is an environmentally friendly and sustainable way to convert excess thermal energy into a storable form. The main idea is to make use of spontaneous polarization of pyroelectric materials that can be altered by temperature changes. Thus, surface potential changes and subsequent electron exchange with surrounding molecules can be induced. In this work, a fundamental model to describe the behavior of a thermally excited pyroelectric material in pure water is developed. The model combines the fields of pyroelectricity, electrochemistry, diffusion and semiconductor theory. After derivation, it was used to explore some basic questions on pyro-electro-catalytic hydrogen production and the accuracy was tested with experimental data. The results show that p/εr has to be balanced depending on the temperature gradient to maximize the hydrogen production. The validation of the experimental data revealed good agreement.