The dynamic evaporation process of deep eutectic solvent LiTf2N:N-methylacetamide at ambient temperature
Lithium-based deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are potential and promising electrolytes for energy-storing devices such as lithium-ion battery and supercapacitor due to their greenness, low cost, favorable stability, and easy for synthesis. LiTf2N (lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide):NMA (N-methylacetamide) is liquid due to the strong intermolecular H-bonding interaction between H-bonding acceptor (HBA, LiTf2N) and H-bonding donor (HBD, NMA). The properties (melting point, conductivity, viscosity, etc) of LiTf2N:NMA would be changed with the evaporation of NMA from LiTf2N:NMA, which would further influence the performance of the energy-storing devices. The evaporation of DES should be determined by the intermolecular interactions. Here, for the first time, the dynamic process of evaporation and intermolecular interactions of DES LiTf2N:NMA at room temperature were investigated and we find that the evaporation mechanism of DES LiTf2N:NMA can be divided into three stages. In the first stage (before 110 min), H-bonding interaction between O in LiTf2N and NH in NMA is disrupted before destruction of coordinating interaction related to amide II C=O and Li cation. In the second stage (from 110 min to 270 min), the change of coordinating interaction related to amide II C=O and Li cation is also higher than that of H-bonded interaction. In the third stage (after 270 min), evaporation of NMA from LiTf2N:NMA has very little influence on the environment of LiTf2N:NMA. This work provides guide for designing DESs as electrolyte for energy-storing devices such as lithium-ion battery and supercapacitor.