Enhancing high harmonic generation by the global optimization of a two-color chirped laser field
Enhanced high harmonics are generated by local and global optimization approaches to achieve a supercontinuum spectrum. Based on time-dependent density functional theory calculations, the optimum convolution of a two-color chirped pulse from an N2O molecule implements a significant enhancement of cutoff frequency and high harmonic yield. The optimization is done by controlling the effective chirp parameters and the carrier-envelope phase of the designed laser field. Indeed, all of the effective parameters are adjusted simultaneously for the global optimization; whereas, just two variables are tuned to obtain the desired cutoff frequency based on the local optimization. The results show that the global optimization approach extends the cutoff frequency by 96% compared to the single-color field, which could produce an isolated 25 as output pulse. This method opens up a valuable route by a pulse shaping mechanism for the control of high harmonic generation and ultrafast measurements for reducing the computational time and repeatability of an experiment with high accuracy.