Fullerene and endometallofullerene Kagome lattices with symmetry-forced spin frustration†
Salts of fullerene C60˙− and endometallofullerene Sc3N@Ih-C80˙− radical anions with Bu3MeP+ cations ((Bu3MeP+)3(C60˙−)3·C6H4Cl2 (1) and (Bu3MeP+)3(Sc3N@Ih-C80˙−)3·C6H4Cl2 (2)) have been obtained. The C3 symmetry of the Bu3MeP+ cation provides 2D Kagome lattices with an equilateral triangle arrangement of fullerenes in accordance with trigonal crystal symmetry P31m. The C60˙− and Sc3N@Ih-C80˙− radical anions preserve their monomeric forms in 1 and 2 with the S = 1/2 spin state down to 1.9 K. The close packing of the fullerene radical anions results in strong antiferromagnetic coupling of the spins with Weiss temperatures of −108 K for 1 and −43 K for 2. Compound 1 is a rare example of a magnetic system in which in spite of the strong magnetic coupling of spins no long-range ordering is observed down to 1.9 K. The 13C NMR spectra of the 13C enriched sample of 1 support the absence of the antiferromagnetic ordering of spins down to 1.5 K. Thus, the crystals of 1 preserve large spin frustration forced by the trigonal symmetry. Therefore, compound 1 is a promising candidate for the first observation of a quantum spin liquid (QSL) state in a fullerene-based system. Isostructural salt 2 is the first compound that contains monomeric paramagnetic Sc3N@Ih-C80˙− radical anions stable down to 1.9 K, which show strong spin frustration. These data indicate the ability of endometallofullerenes to give exotic magnetic systems such as QSLs.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2019 PCCP HOT Articles