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Intermolecular energy flows between surface molecules on metal nanoparticles

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Abstract

Three model systems are designed to investigate energy transport between molecules on metal nanoparticle surfaces. Energy is rapidly transferred from one carbon monoxide (CO) molecule to another CO molecule or an organic molecule on adjacent surface sites of 2 nm Pt particles within a few picoseconds. On the contrary, energy flow from a surface organic molecule to an adjacent CO molecule is significantly slower and, in fact, within experimental sensitivity and uncertainty the transfer is not observed. The energy transport on particle surfaces (about 2 km s−1) is almost ten times faster than inside a molecule (200 m s−1). The seemingly perplexing observations can be well explained by the combination of electron/vibration and vibration/vibration coupling mechanisms, which mediate molecular energy dynamics on metal nanoparticle surfaces: the strong electron/vibration coupling rapidly converts CO vibrational energy into heat that can be immediately sensed by nearby molecules; but the vibration/vibration coupling dissipates the vibrational excitation in the organic molecule as low-frequency intramolecular vibrations that may or may not couple to surface electronic motions.

Graphical abstract: Intermolecular energy flows between surface molecules on metal nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Sep 2018, accepted on 03 Feb 2019 and first published on 05 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05932B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, Advance Article

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    Intermolecular energy flows between surface molecules on metal nanoparticles

    J. Li, Y. Zhang and J. Zheng, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05932B

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