Fe containing MoO3 nanowires grown along the  direction and their fast selective adsorption of quasi-phenothiazine dyes
Herein, MoO3 nanowires (Fe–MoO3 NWs) along the  direction were successfully synthesized in the presence of Fe3+ cations. The Fe–MoO3 NWs present a large specific surface area of 174.7 m2 g−1 and rich surface –OH groups, and the possible formation mechanism of such a structure is due to the adsorption of Fe3+ cations toward non-(110) planes of MoO3 in solution with pH greater than its isoelectric point. The obtained Fe–MoO3 NWs show excellent and highly selective adsorption capacity toward quasi-phenothiazine dyes (methylene blue, toluidine blue, azure I, and acridine orange). The dye removal rate could reach 99% in 3 min, and the maximum adsorption capacity is up to 144.3 mg g−1 and the adsorption is up to 28.86 mg g−1 per minute, which is 11 times greater than that of pure MoO3 and far greater than that of the recently reported MoO3 nanostructures. This excellent selective adsorption performance of Fe–MoO3 NWs was mainly attributed to the enhanced chemical adsorption of quasi-phenothiazine dyes by rich surface –OH groups and Fe species through hydrogen bond and coordination bond adsorption with N and S, respectively, which was confirmed by adsorption isotherms and adsorption kinetics. These results suggest the potential application of Fe–MoO3 NWs in the field of water pollution treatment.