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Synthesis, structure and superconductivity of FeS1−xSex (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) solid solution crystals

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Abstract

The binary Fe chalcogenides FeSe and FeS are two superconductors which were discovered in recent years and have attracted a lot of attention in physical, chemical and materials research fields. In this work, we have synthesized FeS1−xSex solid solution crystals with the whole x range (0 ≤ x ≤ 1), where the S-rich part (0.1 ≤ x < 0.5) is reported for the first time so far. A hydrothermal route was carried out by de-intercalating K from the K0.8Fe1.6(S1−xSex)2 precursor and FeS1−xSex crystal sheets were thus obtained. Powder X-ray diffraction shows that the tetragonal lattice is maintained from x = 0 to 1 in this solid solution, and the selected area electron diffraction indicates the S/Se mixed occupation without any superstructure. As the Se content x increases, the lattice parameters expand due to the larger radius of the Se anion. Magnetic susceptibility demonstrates that with x ≤ 0.3, FeS1−xSex crystals superconduct with the critical temperature basically unchanged (∼4 K). On the other hand, the Se-rich part of FeS1−xSex crystals (x ≥ 0.6) exhibits an antiferromagnetic transition below 50 K, which could be attributed to the oxygen incorporation during the synthesis. Resistance measurement shows that the nematic order transition which was reported for FeSe in previous studies is absent in FeS1−xSex (x ≤ 0.3) superconductors. This suggests that the superconducting mechanism in FeS-based chalcogenides may differ from that of FeSe.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis, structure and superconductivity of FeS1−xSex (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) solid solution crystals

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Jan 2019, accepted on 30 Mar 2019 and first published on 02 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9CE00038K
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2019, Advance Article

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    Synthesis, structure and superconductivity of FeS1−xSex (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) solid solution crystals

    Z. Guo, F. Sun, Y. Chen, Y. Mao, L. Wan, X. Yan, Y. Yang and W. Yuan, CrystEngComm, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9CE00038K

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