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Issue 3, 2019
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Isovalent bismuth ion-induced growth of highly-disperse Sb2S3 nanorods and their composite with p-CuSCN for self-powered photodetectors

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Abstract

Stibnite (Sb2S3) is a promising material in photoelectronic and energy devices, but it frequently exhibits sheaf-like and hierarchical-like structures that consist of secondary nanorods (NRs) or nanowires (NWs) because of its spatial fractal splitting growth habit. Foreign ions or seeds enable the alteration of the growth dynamics and the consequent shape engineering of nanocrystals. We here report that the introduction of trace amounts of isovalent Bi3+ ions (typically 1ā€“2 atom% Bi/Sb) is efficient to synthesize highly disperse, uniform Sb2S3 NRs with reduced diameters and lengths. Two temperature-dependent growth mechanisms stemming from the presence of Bi ions, the full splitting growth at high temperature and the seeded growth at low temperature, are proposed to demonstrate the formation of separated, thinner NRs. Meanwhile, the surfactant removal and the coupling with p-type CuSCN are simultaneously performed on these Sb2S3 NRs, and the resultant CuSCN/Sb2S3 composite, which contains a large amount of point-to-surface contact pā€“n heterojunctions with a suitable band alignment, holds promise in self-powered UV-visible photodetectors via the photovoltaic effect.

Graphical abstract: Isovalent bismuth ion-induced growth of highly-disperse Sb2S3 nanorods and their composite with p-CuSCN for self-powered photodetectors

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jul 2018, accepted on 26 Nov 2018 and first published on 27 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE01228H
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2019,21, 554-562

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    Isovalent bismuth ion-induced growth of highly-disperse Sb2S3 nanorods and their composite with p-CuSCN for self-powered photodetectors

    J. Wang, Y. Qiao, T. Wang, H. Yu, Y. Feng and J. Zhang, CrystEngComm, 2019, 21, 554
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CE01228H

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