Exploiting dCas9 fusion proteins for dynamic assembly of synthetic metabolons†
Here we reported a new strategy to construct synthetic metabolons using dCas9-guided assembly. Three orthogonal dCas9 proteins were exploited to guide the independent and site-specific assembly of their fusion partners onto a single DNA scaffold. This new platform was applied towards the construction of a two-component cellulosome. Because of the superior binding affinity, the resulting structures exhibited both improved assembly and reducing sugar production. Conditional enzyme assembly was made possible by utilizing toehold-gated sgRNA (thgRNA), which blocks cellulosome formation until the spacer region is unblocked by a RNA trigger. This platform is highly modular owing to the ease of target synthesis, combinations of possible Cas9-fusion arrangements, and expansion to other metabolic pathways.