Biomimetic Polymeric Superamphiphobic Surfaces Focusing on Their Fabrications and Applications
Numerous research studies have attributed to the development of mature superamphiphobic system. In this review, we aim to summarize the characterization of surface wettability, the fabrication techniques and multifunctional applications of polymeric superamphiphobic surfaces inspired from nature. When it comes to construction techniques, the following three types of technology routes, pre-texturing , post-modifying, pre-modifying, pre-texturing and in situ one-step construction will be discussed, respectively. The polymeric surfaces produced by virtue of these methods not only possess superamphiphobicity but also have many applications such as self-cleaning, self-healing, anti-icing, transparency and so on. However, most of them have been scaled-up and utilized for applications due to some specific difficulties required to be resolved in the future, which will be potential directions for the future. Finally, the challenges and further outlook for super-antiwetting surfaces were discussed in this review.