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Polyethyleneimine coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles induce autophagy, NF-κB and TGF-β signaling pathway activation in HeLa cervical carcinoma cells via reactive oxygen species generation

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Abstract

Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), as one of the most intensively researched NPs, have a range of applications in cancer treatments. In current research, we have focused on the influences of MNPs on cancer cells. We chose polyethyleneimine (PEI) coated MNPs (PEI-MNPs) as a model and they are colloidally stable in biological media. It can be proved that PEI-MNPs result in autophagy induction via mTOR-Akt-p70S6 K and ATG7 signaling pathways. For the first time, we have reported that PEI-MNPs activate both NF-κB and TGF-β signaling, two key pro-inflammatory pathways, in cancer cells. More significantly, we have found that autophagy induction and NF-κB and TGF-β activation can be efficiently suppressed through the inhibition of PEI-MNP dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) over-production. ROS are deemed as a ‘double edge sword’ for cancer cells, owing to the cancer-suppressing and cancer-promoting actions. Our findings would be useful for designing MNPs induced ROS anti-cancer strategies or diminishing long-term toxic effects.

Graphical abstract: Polyethyleneimine coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles induce autophagy, NF-κB and TGF-β signaling pathway activation in HeLa cervical carcinoma cells via reactive oxygen species generation

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2019, accepted on 04 Oct 2019 and first published on 30 Oct 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9BM01563A
Biomater. Sci., 2019, Advance Article

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    Polyethyleneimine coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles induce autophagy, NF-κB and TGF-β signaling pathway activation in HeLa cervical carcinoma cells via reactive oxygen species generation

    S. Man, M. Li, J. Zhou, H. Wang, J. Zhang and L. Ma, Biomater. Sci., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9BM01563A

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