Doxorubicin-loaded nanoscale metal–organic framework for tumor-targeting combined chemotherapy and chemodynamic therapy†
Doxorubicin (DOX) as a traditional chemotherapy drug is restricted in clinical applications due to its poor therapeutic activity and severe side effects. Herein, we prepared a metal–organic framework (MOF) MIL-100 by a microwave-assisted synthesis and DOX was loaded in MIL-100 and then, hyaluronic acid (HA) was modified on the surface of MIL-100 to give DMH NPs. The DMH NPs possessed the following advantages: (1) MIL-100 could serve as a drug carrier with a high DOX loading efficiency; MIL-100 could also generate a hydroxyl radical (˙OH) in the presence of H2O2 for chemodynamic therapy (CDT) via a Fenton-like reaction. (2) To improve the dispersibility of MIL-100, HA was modified on the surface of MIL-100, which could endow MIL-100 with a targeting ability towards tumor tissues. (3) DMH NPs could enhance antitumor efficacy and reduce drug-related toxicity though the combination of chemotherapy and chemodynamic therapy. DMH NPs have enormous potential as a candidate for reducing the systemic toxicity and improving the treatment effect for breast cancer.