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The topography of fibrous scaffolds modulates the paracrine function of Ad-MSCs in the regeneration of skin tissues

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Abstract

Injuries to the skin are common in daily life, and a certain type or size of defect is not easily restored using conventional dressings or naturally. The repair of these defects requires restoration of function in regenerated tissues. In this study, a tissue engineered skin was designed and fabricated using a bio-3D printing system. Polycaprolactone and bacterial cellulose comprised the scaffold, due to their excellent biocompatibility and multifunctionality. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Ad-MSCs) were seeded onto the scaffold to functionalize it as an artificial skin. The finished artificial skin had mechanical properties similar to that of natural skin, and its fibrous structure providing a unique micro-environment that could regulate the paracrine function of the Ad-MSCs. This effect could be greatly increased by changes in the characteristics of the biomaterials. The artificial skin exhibited high biological activity, strong induction of cell recruitment, migration, growth and up-regulation of gene expression of relevant factors, resulting in excellent wound healing characteristics. This study clarified novel design aspects of cell-material interactions in which the topographical characteristics of materials can be further developed to establish cell signaling or communication networks that take advantage of the paracrine actions of Ad-MSCs to promote specific tissue regeneration or repair characteristics.

Graphical abstract: The topography of fibrous scaffolds modulates the paracrine function of Ad-MSCs in the regeneration of skin tissues

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Jun 2019, accepted on 02 Aug 2019 and first published on 06 Aug 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9BM00939F
Biomater. Sci., 2019, Advance Article

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    The topography of fibrous scaffolds modulates the paracrine function of Ad-MSCs in the regeneration of skin tissues

    R. Huang, J. Wang, H. Chen, X. Shi, X. Wang, Y. Zhu and Z. Tan, Biomater. Sci., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9BM00939F

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