Advances in biomolecule inspired polymeric material decorated interfaces for biological applications
With the development of surface modification technology, interface properties have great effects on the interaction between biomedical materials and cells and biomolecules, which significantly affects the biocompatibility and functionality of materials. As an orderly and perfect system, biological organisms in nature effectively integrate all kinds of bio-interfaces with physiological functions, which shed light on the importance of biomolecules in organisms. It gives birth to a bio-inspiration strategy to design and fabricate smart materials with specific functionalities, e.g. osteogenic and chondrocytic induced materials inspired by bone sialoprotein and chondroitin sulfate. Through this mimicking approach, various functional materials were utilized to decorate the interfaces and further optimize the performance of biomedical materials, which would widely expand their applications. In this review, followed by a summary and brief introduction of surface modification methods, we highlight recent advances in the fabrication of functional polymeric materials inspired by a range of biomolecules for decorating interfaces. Then, the other applications of biomolecule inspired materials including tissue engineering, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and physiological function regulation are presented and the future outlook is discussed as well.