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Attempts to strengthen and simplify the tumor vascular normalization strategy using tumor vessel normalization promoting nanomedicines

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Abstract

Tumor vascular normalization theory opened the door for the rational use of antiangiogenic agents and chemotherapeutics. However, efforts to seize the normalization window have constrained the development of vascular normalization therapy in clinical applications owing to the lack of circulating biomarkers and the tedious dosage regimes. Applying “Occam's Razor” to therapeutic design inspired us to construct an effective and simple tumor vascular normalization prompting strategy. Herein, we developed tumor vessel normalization prompting nanomedicine lipid derivative conjugates (LGCs) made of anti-angiogenic agents with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and gemcitabine (Gem). This treatment exploits the complementary action of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy and metronomic chemotherapy (MET) to strengthen the tumor vascular normalization effect. Furthermore, by loading cytotoxic drugs, such as paclitaxel (PTX), into the LGCs we constructed a “nano-community” to simultaneously restore the tumor vasculature and deliver the loaded drugs. Accordingly, improved drug delivery and therapeutic outcomes were achieved with no need to identify the precise time of the normalization window. Overall, our studies suggest that tumor vessel normalization therapy and nanomedicine design could be combined in one entity, using two waves of normalization strategies to achieve optimal chemo drug delivery into solid tumors.

Graphical abstract: Attempts to strengthen and simplify the tumor vascular normalization strategy using tumor vessel normalization promoting nanomedicines

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Oct 2018, accepted on 27 Dec 2018 and first published on 08 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8BM01350K
Citation: Biomater. Sci., 2019, Advance Article
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    Attempts to strengthen and simplify the tumor vascular normalization strategy using tumor vessel normalization promoting nanomedicines

    S. Du, H. Xiong, C. Xu, Y. Lu and J. Yao, Biomater. Sci., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8BM01350K

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