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Application of dissolvable Mg/Al layered double hydroxides as an adsorbent for the dispersive solid phase extraction of gold nanoparticles prior to their determination by atomic absorption spectrometry

Abstract

In this work, dissolvable layered double hydroxides (LDH) were used for the first time for the extraction and preconcentration of metallic nanoparticles from water samples. The magnesium–aluminum LDH were prepared in-situ in the sample solution by alkaline co-precipitation and separated by centrifugation. It was found that gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and gold ions could be simultaneously extracted by the LDH by electrostatic interactions and anion exchange reactions, respectively. Separation of AuNPs from gold ions could be achieved by ultracentrifugation enabling the selective determination of AuNPs in the sample. Two analytical techniques based on molecular and atomic spectrometry (spectrophotometry and electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry) were used to optimize the method and determine the concentration of AuNPs in spiked environmental water samples at femto-molar concentration levels, respectively. Under the optimized experimental conditions the method enables the determination and speciation of AuNPs at concentration levels as low as 16 femto-mole L-1 with satisfactory recoveries (71-91%), and good reproducibility (<9%).

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Oct 2019, accepted on 26 Nov 2019 and first published on 27 Nov 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9AY02321F
Anal. Methods, 2019, Accepted Manuscript

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    Application of dissolvable Mg/Al layered double hydroxides as an adsorbent for the dispersive solid phase extraction of gold nanoparticles prior to their determination by atomic absorption spectrometry

    T. Choleva and D. L. Giokas, Anal. Methods, 2019, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C9AY02321F

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