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A Au@Pt bimetallic nanoparticle and blue silica nanoparticle nanocomposite as a probe of immunochromatographic assay for HBsAg detection

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Abstract

In this article, a sensitive, visual and quantitative immunochromatographic assay (ICA) is described by using a novel Au@Pt-nanoparticle-decorated blue-silica-nanoparticle nanocomposite (Au@Pt/blue SiNPs) as a reporter probe. The Au@Pt/blue SiNPs were prepared by using post-modification methods, in which Au@Pt NPs were synthesized on the surface of blue SiNPs. The antibody against HBsAg was conjugated with Au@Pt/blue SiNPs, due to the convenient surface modification and biocompatibility of Au@Pt nanoparticles, which were used as labels for ICA. The detection was performed on an ICA strip by using the sandwich immunoreaction between HBsAg and the anti-HBsAg antibody and the accumulation of Au@Pt/blue SiNPs in the test zone. The results were qualitatively analyzed by the naked eye and quantitatively analyzed by the combination of a camera and “ImageJ” software, eliminating any lab equipment. The sensitivity of the Au@Pt/blue SiNP based ICA was lowered 20 times and 10 times compared with blue silica nanoparticles (blue SiNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as the reporter probe, respectively. Under optimal conditions, a linear relationship between the color intensity and HBsAg over the range of 0.5–10 ng mL−1 was achieved, and the detection limit was estimated to be 0.13 ng mL−1 (S/N = 3). The Au@Pt/blue SiNP based ICA, thus, offered a sensitive method for rapidly detecting HBsAg. Although the proof-of-concept of the Au@Pt/blue SiNP based ICA was demonstrated using HBsAg as a model analyte, this nanocomposite label based ICA can be easily developed to be a universal signal amplification technique and applied to the detection of other protein biomarkers.

Graphical abstract: A Au@Pt bimetallic nanoparticle and blue silica nanoparticle nanocomposite as a probe of immunochromatographic assay for HBsAg detection

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Sep 2019, accepted on 02 Nov 2019 and first published on 04 Nov 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9AY02088H
Anal. Methods, 2019, Advance Article

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    A Au@Pt bimetallic nanoparticle and blue silica nanoparticle nanocomposite as a probe of immunochromatographic assay for HBsAg detection

    J. Liu, Q. Yu, G. Zhao and W. Dou, Anal. Methods, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9AY02088H

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