Fast method for determination of surface area on zeolites-based catalysts and zeolites using near infrared emission spectroscopy
A new, fast and reagent free method for determination of surface area of zeolite-based catalysts and zeolites using direct spectral information of near infrared emission spectroscopy and chemometrics is described. Small samples amounts (approximately 3.0 mg) were heated at a fixed temperature (270 oC) and their emission spectra recorded using a prototype emission spectrometer with an acousto-optical tunable filter as wavelength selector. Emission spectra were correlated to the surface area determined by the reference Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method, using Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression models. Sixty-six samples of Y zeolite-based catalysts, ZSM-5 zeolite-based catalysts and Y and ZSM-5 zeolites were used to construct the models. A local model (including only catalysts) and a global model (including catalysts and zeolites) were developed with RMSEP of 24.7 and 22.3 m2g-1, respectively (which represents 9% and 8% of the median value, respectively) and precision (repeatability) of 26.0 m2g-1. The paired t-test at 95% confidence level demonstrated that the analytical results obtained by NIRES multivariate models are equivalent to measurements performed by BET method. The cost and speed were improved in comparison with the BET method. The method based on NIRES requires no sample preparation and speeds up the surface area analysis (4.5 min) about 370 times when compared with the BET method.