A mitochondria-targetable colorimetric and far-red fluorescent probe for the sensitive detection of carbon monoxide in living cells†
The development of techniques for monitoring the gasotransmitter carbon monoxide (CO) at the subcellular level is significant for elucidating its diverse cellular functions. Herein, a mitochondria-targetable, colorimetric and far-red fluorescent probe FR-CO is presented for tracking CO levels in the mitochondria of living cells. The FR-CO probe can sensitively detect CO using a turn-on fluorescence spectroscopic method, with a detection limit of around 38.9 nM. Additionally, the FR-CO probe exhibits outstanding selectivity towards CO over other various bioactive molecules. Moreover, the obvious color change (from colorless to pink) of the probe makes it possible to visually detect CO in aqueous solution. Most importantly, the excellent response properties of the FR-CO probe enable its application in the tracking of fluctuations in the CO levels of mitochondria in living cells, and it is thus anticipated that this probe will be a novel tool for further investigating the biological functions of CO in subcellular mitochondria.
- This article is part of the themed collection: In celebration of Chinese New Year 2020