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Issue 7, 2019
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Effective imprinting of an anticancer drug, 6-thioguanine, via mussel-inspired self-polymerization of dopamine over reduced graphene oxide

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Abstract

Apart from being a vital catecholamine molecule responsible for the proper functioning of the central nervous system (CNS), hormonal and renal systems, dopamine (DA) has also been increasingly employed as a functional monomer in the fabrication of surface molecular imprinting polymers (MIPs) for valuable analytes. Herein, we demonstrate the effective imprinting of 6-thioguanine (6-TG), an anticancer drug, via mussel-inspired self-polymerization of dopamine conducted in a weakly alkaline solution over reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The polymerization of 6-TG resulted into a thin polydopamine (PDA) film of 8.4 nm thickness. Removal of 6-TG molecules from this imprinted PDA film created numerous cavities of 6-TG. The electrochemical investigation of MIP electrodes found an excellent electrocatalytic activity toward 6-TG with a significant decrease in the over-potential as compared to that of the bare glassy carbon electrode (GCE). This can be attributed to the graphene's distinct physical and chemical features such as subtle electronic characteristics, an attractive π–π interaction as well as the strong adsorptive capability of MIP films. This electrochemical sensor displayed a high selectivity owing to the specific imprinted cavities for adrenaline and worked well over a wide linear concentration range of adrenaline between 0.0015 and 50 μM with a detection limit (LOD) of 0.25 nM and good reproducibility and stability. Our system depicts excellent recoveries from 97.0% to 100.6% for two different samples of urine and thioguanine drugs. These results show the great potential of our system with multiple advantages, including convenient fabrication and optimization, high sensitivity and selectivity, high reproducibility and stability, and cost-effectiveness.

Graphical abstract: Effective imprinting of an anticancer drug, 6-thioguanine, via mussel-inspired self-polymerization of dopamine over reduced graphene oxide

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Dec 2018, accepted on 03 Feb 2019 and first published on 04 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02348D
Citation: Analyst, 2019,144, 2345-2352

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    Effective imprinting of an anticancer drug, 6-thioguanine, via mussel-inspired self-polymerization of dopamine over reduced graphene oxide

    S. A. Zaidi, Analyst, 2019, 144, 2345
    DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02348D

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