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Metal coordination polymer induced perylene probe excimer fluorescence and its application in acetylcholinesterase sensing and alpha-fetoprotein immunoassay

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Abstract

A novel sensing strategy for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is developed, based on the perylene probe monomer to excimer fluorescence transformation induced by the in situ generation of a metal coordination polymer. In the presence of AChE, acetylthiocholine chloride was hydrolyzed to thiocholine. Ag+ and the produced thiocholine formed a positively charged metal coordination polymer, which induced the aggregation of a negatively charged perylene probe and the formation of probe excimer emission. The intensity ratio of excimer to monomer emission was proportional to the AChE concentration. A sensing method for AChE was thus established with a detection limit of 0.02 mU mL−1. The excimer emission with a large Stokes shift could avoid the interference of background fluorescence from complex biological samples, and thus achieved selective and sensitive detection of AChE. In addition, a fluorescence immunoassay strategy for AFP was then developed. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) co-immobilized with acetylcholinesterase and the AFP antibody as the capture and amplification probe were first prepared. In the presence of AFP, the sandwich structure was formed by immunological recognition. The hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine was catalyzed by AChE on the AuNPs, and the metal coordination polymer was then formed which resulted in the aggregation of the perylene probe and the formation of the excimer emission. The proposed sensing method offers a new strategy for the detection of other biomarkers.

Graphical abstract: Metal coordination polymer induced perylene probe excimer fluorescence and its application in acetylcholinesterase sensing and alpha-fetoprotein immunoassay

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Nov 2018, accepted on 14 Jan 2019 and first published on 17 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02231C
Citation: Analyst, 2019, Advance Article

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    Metal coordination polymer induced perylene probe excimer fluorescence and its application in acetylcholinesterase sensing and alpha-fetoprotein immunoassay

    Y. Li, S. Yin, J. Hou, L. Meng, M. Gao, Y. Sun, C. Zhang, S. Bai, J. Ren and C. Yu, Analyst, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02231C

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