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One-step scalable fluorescent microgel bioassay for the ultrasensitive detection of endogenous viral miR-US4-5p

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Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) infection is the leading cause of birth defects in newborns and death in immunosuppressed people. Traditional techniques require time-consuming and costly analyses, and sometimes result in false positive results; thus, a rapid and accurate detection for hCMV infection is necessary. Recently, hcmv-miR-US4-5p was selected as the biomarker for cytomegalovirus diagnosis and follow-up. Herein, we propose a bioassay based on microgels endowed with optical fluorescent oligonucleotide probes for the detection of circulating endogenous hcmv-microRNAs. In particular, a double strand probe, based on the fluorescence recovery after target capture, was conjugated on microgels and the probe density was opportunely optimised. Then, the microgels were directly mixed with the sample. The fluorescence read-out was measured as a function of target concentration at a fixed number of microgels per tube. As a bead-based assay, the performances of optical detection in terms of dynamic working range and limit of detection could be finely tuned by tuning the number of microgels per tube. The limit of detection of the assay could be tuned in the range from 39.1 fM to 156 aM by changing the microgel concentration from 50 μg mL−1 to 0.5 μg mL−1, respectively. The assay results specific for the selected target were stable over a one-year time span and they were not affected by the presence of human serum. Therefore, this bioassay based on microgels might represent a flexible platform that should be able to predict, identify and follow-up several diseases by monitoring freely circulating oligonucleotides in body fluids.

Graphical abstract: One-step scalable fluorescent microgel bioassay for the ultrasensitive detection of endogenous viral miR-US4-5p

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Nov 2018, accepted on 05 Dec 2018 and first published on 06 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02166J
Citation: Analyst, 2019, Advance Article
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    One-step scalable fluorescent microgel bioassay for the ultrasensitive detection of endogenous viral miR-US4-5p

    T. M. Caputo, A. Cummaro, V. Lettera, A. Mazzarotta, E. Battista, P. A. Netti and F. Causa, Analyst, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02166J

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