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Issue 5, 2019
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Emerging trends in sensors based on carbon nitride materials

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Abstract

A new class of functional materials, carbon nitrides, has recently attracted the attention of researchers. Carbon nitride is a metal-free carbonaceous material, possessing a high N : C ratio with structure ranging from polymeric to graphitic form, constituting heptazine or triazine rings as structural motifs. It entered into the frame as a heterogeneous photocatalyst owing to its medium band gap, porosity, and high thermal and chemical inertness. Intensive research aimed towards exploring its inherent potentials has opened up a new area of study in the field of sensors; moreover, due to tunability of its electronic and optical properties, high stability, biocompatibility and low cost, it can be used in the area of sensing. In this review, we highlighted various strategies for the development of nanoscale morphological varieties of carbon nitrides and fabrication of sensors based on the luminescence properties of the carbon nitride materials. Herein, we exclusively envisioned new vistas for carbon nitrides as an imperative candidate for the fabrication of ideal sensors.

Graphical abstract: Emerging trends in sensors based on carbon nitride materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Nov 2018, accepted on 15 Jan 2019 and first published on 22 Jan 2019


Article type: Minireview
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02110D
Citation: Analyst, 2019,144, 1475-1491

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    Emerging trends in sensors based on carbon nitride materials

    M. M. Xavier, P. R. Nair and S. Mathew, Analyst, 2019, 144, 1475
    DOI: 10.1039/C8AN02110D

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