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Issue 10, 2019
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Shape-changing polymers for biomedical applications

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Abstract

Smart polymers that are capable of controlled shape transformations under external stimuli have attracted significant attention in the recent years due to the resemblance of this behavior to the biological intelligence observed in nature. Moreover, shape-morphing polymer-based materials are great candidates for biomedical applications due to their adaptive properties, controlled shape transformations, and enriched functionality. In this review, we focus on the recent progress in the field of shape-memory and shape-changing polymers, highlighting their most promising applications in the biomedical field. We include a brief theoretical background on the underlying molecular mechanisms, classification of the polymer systems based on their mechanical properties, and the most promising state-of-the-art processing techniques for the fabrication of intelligent polymer-based materials. The aim of this review is to provide a link between the diverse stimuli-responsive polymer systems and their mechanical properties, and to highlight the most appealing up-to-date biomedical applications for shape-morphing systems.

Graphical abstract: Shape-changing polymers for biomedical applications

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Article information


Submitted
30 Sep 2018
Accepted
05 Dec 2018
First published
05 Dec 2018

J. Mater. Chem. B, 2019,7, 1597-1624
Article type
Review Article

Shape-changing polymers for biomedical applications

A. Kirillova and L. Ionov, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2019, 7, 1597
DOI: 10.1039/C8TB02579G

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