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Issue 39, 2019
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Constructing high-performance 3D porous self-standing electrodes with various morphologies and shapes by a flexible phase separation-derived method

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Abstract

Self-standing electrodes have attracted great attention due to their promising applications in advanced electronic devices with high-energy demands. Inspired by the 3D framework and well-controlled porous structure of the porous membrane prepared via the phase separation method, for the first time, a binder-free 3D porous self-standing electrode has been designed and fabricated by using a porous polybenzimidazole (PBI) membrane as the template. Various methods were investigated in detail, in which the ethanol phase separation-derived method resulted in a sponge-like cross section and porous structure of both surfaces, leading to the best electrochemical performance. Meanwhile, considering the carbon content, the optimized self-standing Na3V2(PO4)3@C electrode exhibited excellent rate performance (110.4 mA h gāˆ’1 at 0.5C and 108.1 mA h gāˆ’1 at 40C) and cycling stability (capacity retention of 90.4% after 2000 cycles at 1C). The superior electrochemical performance can be ascribed to the high electron conductivity due to the 3D N-doped cross-linked carbon matrix and the fast Na+ diffusion in the spongy macro-porous structure. The self-standing electrode prepared via this method exhibited high flexibility in the electrode mass loading, pore structures (sponge-like, finger-like, etc.) and electrode shapes (fiber, coil, spiral, letter, etc.). This phase separation-derived method will greatly promote the development and large-scale application of self-standing electrodes.

Graphical abstract: Constructing high-performance 3D porous self-standing electrodes with various morphologies and shapes by a flexible phase separation-derived method

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
13 Aug 2019
Accepted
20 Sep 2019
First published
21 Sep 2019

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019,7, 22550-22558
Article type
Paper

Constructing high-performance 3D porous self-standing electrodes with various morphologies and shapes by a flexible phase separation-derived method

H. Yi, D. Li, Z. Lv, R. Li, M. Ling, H. Zhang, Q. Zheng and X. Li, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7, 22550
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA08845H

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