Ultimate dispersion of metallic and ionic platinum on ceria†
Ceria represents a technologically indispensable reducible catalyst support. Besides the general impact on the surface chemistry, the oxygen content of the ceria surface directly influences the dispersion of ceria-supported metal nanoparticles, and the properties of ceria-supported metal catalysts. We investigate the role of oxygen atoms on a CeO2(111) surface in supporting Pt as smallest metallic Pt clusters or, concurrently, as monodispersed Pt2+ ions. We demonstrate that the necessary condition for the formation of Pt2+ ions is the availability of lattice O or excess O atoms at surface step edges. Although Pt2+ ions can exist on partially reduced surfaces, excess O atoms are required to maximize the capacity of the surface to accommodate Pt2+ and to trigger the redispersion of metallic Pt clusters. Our study provides atomic-level understanding and control of the highest dispersions of Pt on the ceria surface for advancing the state-of-the-art Pt/ceria catalysts that are presently identified at the verge of single-atom Pt dispersion.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2019 Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers