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Issue 8, 2019
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Linear-like lead-free relaxor antiferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–NaNbO3 with giant energy-storage density/efficiency and super stability against temperature and frequency

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Abstract

A novel lead-free polar dielectric ceramic with linear-like polarization responses was found in (1 − x)(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3xNaNbO3 ((1 − x)BNT–xNN) solid solutions, exhibiting giant energy storage density/efficiency and super stability against temperature and frequency. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Raman scattering and Rietveld refinements of X-ray diffraction data suggest that these property characteristics can be derived from temperature and electric field insensitive large permittivity as a result of relaxor antiferroelectricity (AFE) with polar nanoregions. Additionally, this feature intrinsically requires a high driving field for AFE to ferroelectric (FE) phase transitions due to large random fields. Measurements of temperature-dependent permittivity and polarization versus electric field hysteresis loops indicate that the high-temperature AFE P4bm phase in BNT was gradually stabilized close to room temperature, accompanying a phase transition from relaxor rhombohedral FEs to relaxor tetragonal AFEs approximately at x = 0.15–0.2. A record high of recoverable energy-storage density W ∼ 7.02 J cm−3 as well as a high efficiency η ∼ 85% was simultaneously achieved in the x = 0.22 bulk ceramic, which challenges the existing fact that W and η must be seriously compromised. Furthermore, desirable W (>3.5 J cm−3) and η (>88%) with a variation of less than 10% can be accordingly obtained in the temperature range of 25–250 °C and frequency range of 0.1–100 Hz. These excellent energy-storage properties would make BNT-based lead-free AFE ceramic systems a potential candidate for application in pulsed power systems.

Graphical abstract: Linear-like lead-free relaxor antiferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–NaNbO3 with giant energy-storage density/efficiency and super stability against temperature and frequency

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Dec 2018, accepted on 18 Jan 2019 and first published on 21 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA12232F
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019,7, 3971-3978

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    Linear-like lead-free relaxor antiferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–NaNbO3 with giant energy-storage density/efficiency and super stability against temperature and frequency

    H. Qi and R. Zuo, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7, 3971
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA12232F

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