Calamitic and discotic liquid crystalline phases for mesogens with triangular cores†
Mesogenic compounds having new triangular mesogenic cores containing salicylaldimine and enaminocarbonyl or barbituric moieties have been synthesized and their liquid crystalline, dielectric and optical properties have been studied. Appropriate substitution of such cores with various numbers of lateral chains (alkoxy, perfluorinated or polyether) leads to mesogens forming either lamellar (SmC), nematic or columnar (Colhd and Colho) phases. Some of the materials show an unusual phase sequence with a re-entrant isotropic phase appearing below the columnar (Colhd) phase; others form two columnar hexagonal phases with a weakly first order transition between them. Also a new columnar superstructure with p2gg symmetry (Colros) was found, in which the crystallographic lattice is decorated with a two-molecule motive.