Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 37, 2019
Previous Article Next Article

Recovering superhydrophobicity in nanoscale and macroscale surface textures

Author affiliations

Abstract

Here, we investigate the complete drying of hydrophobic cavities in order to elucidate the dependence of drying on the size, the geometry, and the degree of hydrophobicity of the confinement. Two complementary theoretical approaches are adopted: a macroscopic one based on classical capillarity and a microscopic classical density functional theory. This combination allows us to pinpoint unique drying mechanisms at the nanoscale and to clearly differentiate them from the mechanisms operational at the macroscale. Nanoscale hydrophobic cavities allow the thermodynamic destabilization of the confined liquid phase over an unexpectedly broad range of conditions, including pressures as large as 10 MPa and contact angles close to 90°. On the other hand, for cavities on the micron scale, such destabilization occurs only for much larger contact angles and close to liquid–vapor coexistence. These scale-dependent drying mechanisms are used to propose design criteria for hierarchical superhydrophobic surfaces capable of spontaneous self-recovery over a broad range of operating conditions. In particular, we detail the requirements under which it is possible to realize perpetual superhydrophobicity at positive pressures on surfaces with micron-sized textures by exploiting drying, facilitated by nanoscale coatings. Concerning the issue of superhydrophobicity, these findings indicate a promising direction both for surface fabrication and for the experimental characterization of perpetual surperhydrophobicity. From a more basic perspective, the present results have an echo on a wealth of biological problems in which hydrophobic confinement induces drying, such as in protein folding, molecular recognition, and hydrophobic gating.

Graphical abstract: Recovering superhydrophobicity in nanoscale and macroscale surface textures

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
24 May 2019
Accepted
15 Aug 2019
First published
20 Aug 2019

This article is Open Access

Soft Matter, 2019,15, 7462-7471
Article type
Paper

Recovering superhydrophobicity in nanoscale and macroscale surface textures

A. Giacomello, L. Schimmele, S. Dietrich and M. Tasinkevych, Soft Matter, 2019, 15, 7462
DOI: 10.1039/C9SM01049A

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements