Renewing accessible heptazine chemistry: 2,5,8-tris(3,5-diethyl-pyrazolyl)-heptazine, a new highly soluble heptazine derivative with exchangeable groups, and examples of newly derived heptazines and their physical chemistry†
We have prepared 2,5,8-tris(3,5-diethyl-pyrazolyl)-heptazine, the first highly soluble heptazine derivative possessing easily exchangeable leaving groups. We present its original synthesis employing mechanochemistry, along with a few examples of its versatile reactivity. It is, in particular, demonstrated that the pyrazolyl leaving groups can be replaced by several secondary or primary amino substituents or by three aryl- or benzyl-thiol substituents. In addition to being a synthetic platform, 2,5,8-tris(3,5-diethyl-pyrazolyl)-heptazine is fluorescent and electroactive, and its attractive properties, as well as those of the derived heptazines, are briefly presented.