Mechanical properties of metal–organic frameworks
As the field of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) continues to grow, the physical stability and mechanical properties of these porous materials has become a topic of great interest. While strategies for synthesizing MOFs with desirable chemical functionalities or pore sizes have been established over the past twenty years, design principles to modulate the response of MOFs to mechanical stress are still underdeveloped. The inherent porosity of these frameworks results in many interesting and sometimes unexpected phenomena upon exposure to elevated pressures and other physical stimuli. Beyond its fundamental importance, an understanding of mechanical properties (e.g. bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young's modulus, linear compressibility, and Poisson's ratio) plays an essential role in the post-synthetic processing of MOFs, which has implications in the successful transition of these materials from academic interest to industrial relevance. This perspective provides a concise overview of the efforts to understand the mechanical properties of MOFs through experimental and computational methods. Additionally, current limitations and possible future directions for the field are also discussed briefly.
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