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Issue 27, 2019
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Exclusive occurrence of photoinduced energy transfer and switching of its direction by rectangular π-extension of nanographenes

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Abstract

As structure defined cutouts of the graphene lattice, nanographene molecules have gained plenty of attention because of their high potential for versatile applications in organic electronics and energy conversion devices and as ideal model systems for the better understanding of intrinsic structure–property correlations of graphenes. In this study, well-defined nanographenes with sp2 carbon networks of different sizes, hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene (HBC) and its rectangularly π-extended version, a short graphene nanoribbon (GNR), have been covalently functionalized with photoactive porphyrin molecules. On the basis of their spectroscopic studies, the photodynamics of the porphyrin-linked nanographenes was found to be influenced substantially by the size of the nanographenes. Photoexcitation of the porphyrin–HBC linked system led to exclusive energy transfer (EnT) from the first singlet excited state (S1) of the nanographene to the porphyrin, whereas opposite selective EnT occurred from the first and second singlet excited states (S1 and S2) of the porphyrin to the nanographene in the porphyrin–GNR linked system. In particular, ultrafast efficient EnTs from both the S2 and S1 states of the porphyrin to GNR mimic the corresponding ultrafast EnTs from the S2 and S1 states of carotenoids to chlorophylls in light-harvesting systems of natural photosynthesis. Such unique photophysical properties will be useful for the rational design of carbon-based photofunctional nanomaterials for optoelectronics and solar energy conversion devices.

Graphical abstract: Exclusive occurrence of photoinduced energy transfer and switching of its direction by rectangular π-extension of nanographenes

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Mar 2019, accepted on 28 May 2019 and first published on 05 Jun 2019


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C9SC01538H
Chem. Sci., 2019,10, 6642-6650
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
    All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

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    Exclusive occurrence of photoinduced energy transfer and switching of its direction by rectangular π-extension of nanographenes

    T. Umeyama, T. Hanaoka, H. Yamada, Y. Namura, S. Mizuno, T. Ohara, J. Baek, J. Park, Y. Takano, K. Stranius, N. V. Tkachenko and H. Imahori, Chem. Sci., 2019, 10, 6642
    DOI: 10.1039/C9SC01538H

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      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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