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Issue 20, 2019
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Quantifying rival bond fission probabilities following photoexcitation: C–S bond fission in t-butylmethylsulfide

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Abstract

We illustrate a new, collision-free experimental strategy that allows determination of the absolute probabilities of rival bond fission processes in a photoexcited molecule – here t-butylmethylsulfide (BSM). The method combines single photon (‘universal’) ionization laser probe methods, simultaneous imaging of all probed fragments (multi-mass ion imaging) and the use of an appropriate internal calibrant (here dimethylsulfide). Image analysis allows quantification of the dynamics of the rival B–SM and BS–M bond fission processes following ultraviolet (UV) excitation of BSM and shows the former to be twice as probable, despite the only modest (∼2%) differences in the respective ground state equilibrium C–S bond lengths or bond strengths. Rationalising this finding should provide a stringent test of the two close-lying, coupled excited states of 1A′′ symmetry accessed by UV excitation in BSM and related thioethers, of the respective transition dipole moment surfaces, and of the geometry dependent non-adiabatic couplings that enable the rival C–S bond fissions.

Graphical abstract: Quantifying rival bond fission probabilities following photoexcitation: C–S bond fission in t-butylmethylsulfide

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Feb 2019, accepted on 23 Apr 2019 and first published on 23 Apr 2019


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C9SC00738E
Chem. Sci., 2019,10, 5290-5298
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Quantifying rival bond fission probabilities following photoexcitation: C–S bond fission in t-butylmethylsulfide

    M. Bain, C. S. Hansen, T. N. V. Karsili and M. N. R. Ashfold, Chem. Sci., 2019, 10, 5290
    DOI: 10.1039/C9SC00738E

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