Revealing the role of the 1T phase on the adsorption of organic dyes on MoS2 nanosheets†
Herein, different phases of MoS2 nanosheets were synthesized, characterized and tested for dye removal from water. The influence of the MoS2 phases as well as the 1T concentration on the adsorption performance of organic dyes MO, RhB and MB was deeply investigated. The results revealed that the 1T-rich MoS2 nanosheets have superior adsorption performance compared to other 2H and 3R phases. The kinetic results of the adsorption process demonstrate that the experimental data followed the pseudo-second order equation. Meanwhile, the adsorption of dyes over the obtained materials was fitted with several isotherm models. The Langmuir model gives the best fitting to the experimental data with maximum a adsorption capacity of 787 mg g−1. The obtained capacity is significantly higher than that of all previous reports for similar MoS2 materials. Computational studies of the 2H and 1T/2H-MoS2 phases showed that the structural defects present at the 1T/2H grain boundaries enhance the binding of hydroxide and carboxyl groups to the MoS2 surface which in turn increase the adsorption properties of the 1T/2H-MoS2 phase.