Ciliatasecones A–C, three rearranged limonoids from Toona ciliata var. yunnanensis
Ciliatasecones A–C (1–3), three rearranged limonoids with a novel ring-seco model and an unprecedented cycle system, were isolated from the root bark of Toona ciliata var. yunnanensis. Ciliatasecones A–B (1–2) share a novel cyclopenta[b]furan ring C/D system through C-9/11-seco and C-11/14 ether linkage. Ciliatasecone C (3) was found to possess a rare rearranged six-membered lactone ring B between C-7 and C-9. Plausible biogenetic pathway speculation indicated that C-9/11 cleavage and oxygen bridge formation played the key roles in the framework rearrangement of 1–3.