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Issue 28, 2019
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Sculpturing wafer-scale nanofluidic devices for DNA single molecule analysis

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Abstract

We present micro- and nanofluidic devices with 3D structures and nanochannels with multiple depths for the analysis of single molecules of DNA. Interfacing the nanochannels with graded and 3D inlets allows the improvement of the flow and controls not only the translocation speed of the DNA but also its conformation inside the nanochannels. The complex, multilevel, multiscale fluidic circuits are patterned in a simple, two-minute imprinting step. The stamp, the key of the technology, is directly milled by focused ion beam, which allows patterning nanochannels with different cross sections and depths, together with 3D transient inlets, all at once. Having such a variety of structures integrated in the same sample allows studying, optimizing and directly comparing their effect on the DNA flow. Here, DNA translocation is studied in long (160 µm) and short (5–40 µm) nanochannels. We study the homogeneity of the stretched molecules in long, meander nanochannels made with this technology. In addition, we analyze the effect of the different types of inlet structures interfacing short nanochannels. We observe pre-stretching and an optimal flow, and no hairpin formation, when the inlets have gradually decreasing widths and depths. In contrast, when the nanochannels are faced with an abrupt transition, we observe clogging and hairpin formation. In addition, 3D inlets strongly decrease the DNA molecules’ speed before they enter the nanochannels, and help capturing more DNA molecules. The robustness and versatility of this technology and DNA testing results evidence the potential of imprinted devices in biomedical applications as low cost, disposable lab-on-a-chip devices.

Graphical abstract: Sculpturing wafer-scale nanofluidic devices for DNA single molecule analysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2019, accepted on 21 Jun 2019 and first published on 02 Jul 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NR02979F
Nanoscale, 2019,11, 13620-13631
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Sculpturing wafer-scale nanofluidic devices for DNA single molecule analysis

    F. M. Esmek, P. Bayat, F. Pérez-Willard, T. Volkenandt, R. H. Blick and I. Fernandez-Cuesta, Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 13620
    DOI: 10.1039/C9NR02979F

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