Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.


Issue 20, 2019
Previous Article Next Article

Nanocarbon materials in water disinfection: state-of-the-art and future directions

Author affiliations

Abstract

Water disinfection practices are critical for supplying safe drinking water. Existing water disinfection methods come with various drawbacks, calling for alternative or complementary solutions. Nanocarbon materials (NCMs) offer unique advantages for water disinfection owing to their high antimicrobial activity, often low environmental/human toxicity, and tunable physicochemical properties. Nevertheless, it is a challenge to assess the research progress made so far due to the structure and property diversity in NCMs as well as their different targeted applications. Because of these, here we provide a broad outline of this emerging field in three parts. First, we introduce the antimicrobial activities of the different types of NCMs, including fullerenes, nanodiamonds, carbon (nano)dots, carbon nanotubes, and graphene-family materials. Next, we discuss the current status in applying these NCMs for different water disinfection problems, especially as hydrogel filters, filtration membranes, recyclable aggregates, and electrochemical devices. We also introduce the use of NCMs in photocatalysts for photocatalytic water disinfection. Lastly, we put forward the key hurdles of the field that hamper the realization of the practical applications and propose possible directions for future investigations to address those. We hope that this minireview will encourage researchers to tackle these challenges and innovate NCM-based water disinfection platforms in the near future.

Graphical abstract: Nanocarbon materials in water disinfection: state-of-the-art and future directions

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
06 Mar 2019
Accepted
16 Apr 2019
First published
18 Apr 2019

Nanoscale, 2019,11, 9819-9839
Article type
Minireview

Nanocarbon materials in water disinfection: state-of-the-art and future directions

L. Wang, Z. Yuan, H. E. Karahan, Y. Wang, X. Sui, F. Liu and Y. Chen, Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 9819
DOI: 10.1039/C9NR02007A

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements