Issue 26, 2019

Patching laser-reduced graphene oxide with carbon nanodots


Three-dimensional graphenes are versatile materials for a range of electronic applications and considered among the most promising candidates for electrodes in future electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs) as they are expected to outperform commercially used activated carbon. Parameters such as electrical conductivity and active surface area are critical to the final device performance. By adding carbon nanodots to graphene oxide in the starting material for our standard laser-assisted reduction process, the structural integrity (i.e. lower defect density) of the final 3D-graphene is improved. As a result, the active surface area in the hybrid starting materials was increased by 130% and the electrical conductivity enhanced by nearly an order of magnitude compared to pure laser-reduced graphene oxide. These improved material parameters lead to enhanced device performance of the EDLC electrodes. The frequency response, i.e. the minimum phase angle and the relaxation time, were significantly improved from −82.2° and 128 ms to −84.3° and 7.6 ms, respectively. For the same devices the specific gravimetric device capacitance was increased from 110 to a maximum value of 214 F g−1 at a scan rate of 10 mV s−1.

Graphical abstract: Patching laser-reduced graphene oxide with carbon nanodots

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Article information

Article type
25 Feb 2019
20 Jun 2019
First published
20 Jun 2019
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Nanoscale, 2019,11, 12712-12719

Patching laser-reduced graphene oxide with carbon nanodots

V. Strauss, M. Muni, A. Borenstein, B. Badamdorj, T. Heil, M. D. Kowal and R. Kaner, Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 12712 DOI: 10.1039/C9NR01719D

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