Roles of interfaces in the ideality of organic field-effect transistors
Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are fundamental building blocks for flexible and large-area electronics due to their superior solution-processability, flexibility and stretchability. OFETs with high ideality are essential to their practical applications. In reality, however, many OFETs still suffer from non-ideal behaviors, such as gate-dependent mobility, which thus hinders the extraction of their intrinsic performance. It is much desired to gain a comprehensive understanding of the origins of these non-idealities. OFETs are primarily interface-related devices, and hence their performance and ideality are highly dependent on the interface properties between each device component. This review will focus on the recent progress in investigating the non-ideal behaviors of OFETs. In particular, the roles of interfaces, including the organic semiconductor (OSC)/dielectric interface, OSC/electrode interface and OSC/atmosphere interface, in determining the ideality of OFETs are summarized. Viable approaches through interface optimization to improve the device ideality are also reviewed. Finally, an overview of the outstanding challenges as well as the future development directions for the construction of ideal OFETs is given.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles