4D printing reconfigurable, deployable and mechanically tunable metamaterials†
The exotic properties of mechanical metamaterials emerge from the topology of micro-structural elements. Once manufactured, however, the metamaterials have fixed properties without the ability to adapt and adjust. Here, we present geometrically reconfigurable, functionally deployable, and mechanically tunable lightweight metamaterials created through four-dimensional (4D) printing. Using digital micro 3D printing with a shape memory polymer, dramatic and reversible changes in the stiffness, geometry, and functions of the metamaterials are achieved.