Recent advances in the Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reaction using efficient catalysts in eco-friendly media
The ever-increasing interest in the Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reaction (SMR) and its applications, with more than 40 years of history, has increased exponentially in the last decade, which speaks volumes about its efficiency and effectiveness. This widely used powerful method provides a practical synthetic route for the direct formation of carbon–carbon bonds, which has found considerable academic and industrial use for the production of polymers, fine chemicals and materials, in addition to total synthesis and pharmaceuticals. Green chemistry predicates the use of environmentally-benign media in organic transformations and in recent years, catalytic systems have been introduced in diverse and neoteric green media for SMR. In view of the widespread popularity, there is the need for a comprehensive understanding of the various greener strategies introduced for this important reaction encompassing diverse catalytic systems based on palladium, nickel, gold, ferrites, copper, silver, and cobalt. The present review embodies literature from 2008 onward that covers the SMR using efficient catalysts in various green media.