BODIPY-functionalized 1,10-phenanthroline as a long wavelength sensitizer for near-infrared emission of the ytterbium(iii) ion†
Two BODIPY (4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene) moieties were chemically appended to the 4,7-positions of 1,10-phenanhtroline resulting in two new ligands (BODIPY-Phen and 4I-BODIPY-Phen) with strong absorption at 507 nm and 540 nm, respectively. BODIPY-Phen emits fluorescence strongly centered at 507 nm, whereas the fluorescence of 4I-BODIPY-Phen was completely quenched due to the introduction of four I atoms at its 2,6 positions. The two ligands reacted readily with tris(1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2,4-pentanedionate) ytterbium(III) dihydrate through substitution reactions forming eight-coordinate complexes that emit strongly at 976 nm upon excitation at their absorption maximal positions. Both complexes exhibited a lifetime of ∼11 μs in dichloromethane at room temperature.