Ultrathin CdS shell-sensitized hollow S-doped CeO2 spheres for efficient visible-light photocatalysis†
Highly efficient photocatalysts are urgently needed with the ever-increasing problems of environmental pollution and the energy crisis. Herein, we report a shape-controlled binary photocatalyst consisting of S-doped CeO2 hollow spheres sensitized with ultrathin CdS shells. The core-shelled CeO2−xSx@CdS composite is synthesized using a simple template-assisted method followed by anion-exchange and chemical bath deposition processes. Owing to the reduced band gap caused by the oxygen vacancies in the S-doped CeO2, and the CdS sensitization effect accelerating the interface carrier separation and transfer, the CeO2−xSx@CdS composite exhibits superior photocatalytic activity for hydrogen evolution (1147.2 μmol g−1 h−1) under visible-light illumination, which is 4.4, 11.1 and 94.8 times higher than that of CdS (258.2 μmol g−1 h−1), CeO2−xSx (103.0 μmol g−1 h−1) and CeO2 (12.1 μmol g−1 h−1), respectively. In addition, the composite displays highly efficient organic pollutant degradation (99.8% degradation of RhB within 25 min).