Surfactant mediated particle aggregation in nonpolar solvents
The aggregation behavior of particles in nonpolar media is studied with time-resolved light scattering. At low surfactant concentrations particles are weakly charged and suspensions are not stable. The suspensions become progressively more stable with increasing surfactant concentration as particles become more highly charged. At high concentrations the particles become neutralized and aggregation is again fast. The theory of Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey, and Overbeek (DLVO) is able to predict the stability ratios quantitatively by using the experimentally measured surface charges, screening lengths and van der Waals forces.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2019 PCCP HOT Articles