Rate-determining process in MISIM photocells for optoelectronic conversion using photo-induced pure polarization current without carrier transfer across interfaces†
Recently, we proposed a [metal|insulator|semiconductor|insulator|metal] (MISIM) photocell, as a novel architecture for high-speed organic photodetectors. The electric polarization in the S layer, induced by modulated light illumination, propagates into the outside circuit as a polarization current through the I layers, without any carrier transfer across the interfaces. In the present work, we examined the MISIM photocells consisting of zinc-phthalocyanine(ZnPc)-C60 bilayers for the S layer and Parylene C for the two I layers, to understand the fundamental aspects of the MISIM photocells, such as current polarity and modulation-frequency dependence. It was found that, in such devices, the current polarity was primarily determined by the polarization in the S layer, which was induced by the donor–acceptor charge-transfer upon illumination. Furthermore, the ON and OFF current, which appeared in the periods of illumination-on and -off, respectively, exhibited significantly different dependence on the modulation frequency. This was well-explained by an imbalance between a quick polarization in the S layer during illumination and its slow relaxation in the dark.