Simultaneous quantification of multiple bacterial metabolites using surface-enhanced Raman scattering†
Given the commercial importance of the compounds produced by genetically modified organisms, there is a need for screening methods which facilitate the evaluation of newly developed strains, especially during the phase of proof-of-concept development. We report a time-efficient analysis method for the screening of bacterial strains, which enables the detection of two structurally similar secondary bacterial metabolites. By combining liquid–liquid extraction and surface-enhanced Raman scattering we were able to quantify p-coumaric acid and cinnamic acid, produced by genetically modified E. coli from tyrosine and phenylalanine, respectively. With the simple sample pre-treatment method, and by applying a partial least squares data analysis method, we simultaneously detected the analytes from four E. coli strains cultured in the presence or absence of tyrosine and phenylalanine.